Retinol for the treatment of Acne.
Knowledge is power when it comes to knowledge of proper skin care products that will keep your skin glowing, spotless and clean.
This is why it is important to examine Retinol for the acne treatment.
As acne is a common skin infection or condition that plagues kids and adult alike. Acne is known to affect at least 4 in every 5 people and over 85 percent of people in the U.S between 11 to 30 years.
It is not particularly dangerous, but it tends to leave scars on the skin on the inflicted person.
Acne otherwise known as pimples mostly occurs in most individuals during puberty, at which point the sebaceous glands is activated, but it can also occur at any age as a result of genetics, menstrual cycle, stress, climate and oil-based makeup used by the individual.
Retinol is derived from vitamin A, is one of the most effective cure and prevention against acne working by preventing the plugging of follicles which is the major cause of acne.
Acne is known to be a skin condition or infection involving the oil glands at the base of hair follicles.
In other words acne is an inflammatory skin condition occurring when pores in the skin where hair follicles are sighted are plugged with oil and dead skins cells.
When follicles get filled up, pimples are produced on the skin and oil builds up under the skin.
The plugged follicles in turn causes spots and pimples, especially on the neck, face, back, chest, and armpits. Follicles in the human skin connect the glands to the pores where the oil glands is situated.
Skin cells, hair, and sebum can clump together into a plug. Ache is also caused when a portion of the skin gets infected with bacteria, and result into swelling.
Blackheads, whiteheads, cysts, pimples, and nodules are some of the common types of acne known.
Some the common symptoms of acnes known includes; uninflamed black heads, large, tender and bumps and pus-filled pimples.
CAUSES OF ACNE.
Taking medications that contains androgen and lithium can be one of the cause of acne in an individual. This should be avoided in individuals taking medication for acne
Greasy and oil-based cosmetics.
Cosmetics that are greasy and oil-based tend to add oil into the skin. They also participate in the blocking of the pore spaces in the skin which may result in acne.
Studies has shown that stress is one of the major causes of acne in adults above puberty. it is also shown to worsen in individuals that already have them.
While there is no research that shows any obvious connection between stress in an individual and acne infection, research has shown that increased severity is associated with high stress levels in certain conditions.
Hormonal activity, such as menstrual cycles and puberty, contributes majorly to the formation of acne on the skin. At this stage secretion of hormones are high and this is manifested in form of acnes on the skin of an individual.
At puberty, there is an increment in the amount of a particular sex hormones called androgens in the body.
This causes the follicle glands to grow larger and secrete oilier sebum. The blockage experienced from this will results in acne.
The presentation of acne on specific individuals can only be explained genetically.
Severe acne may be associated with XYY syndrome as scientist as discovered.
Scientists suspects that anaerobic bacterial contributes to the acne infection, although its exact role in this infection is not fully understood.
It is however unclear whether these undesirable bacterial evolve on the skin or are acquired, or possibly both depending on the person.
These strains have the capability of changing, perpetuating, or adapting to the abnormal cycle of swelling, oil production, and inadequate sloughing of dead skin cells from acne holes.
INDICATIONS OF ACNE.
The appearance of acne varies with skin colour, however, typical features of acne include increased secretion of oily sebum by the skin (oily skin), microcomedones, comedones, papules, nodules (large papules), and pustules.
It may result in psychological and social problems such as anxiety, reduced self-esteem, dejection and in extreme cases thoughts of suicide.
Scarring on the skin of the victim is also a consequences acne.
Acne scars are caused by swelling within the dermal layer of skin and affects about 95% of people with acne.
The scar is created by abnormal healing following this dermal inflammation.
COMMON TREATMENTS OF ACNE.
Managing acne may depends on how persistent and severe it is. Common treatments that are however used for acne include;
The role of diet in acne is still unclear, however people who consume a diet that with good supply of vitamins A and E as well as of zinc such as; carrot, sweet potatoes, winter squash, apricot, liver, cheese, etc. have been discovered to be at a lower risk of severe acne.
Although there is no role diet plays in worsening acne, reduction in fatty foods or a diet with a low glycemic load could be beneficial.
Erythromycin and clindamycin are some of the Topical antibiotics that can be used to effectively treat.
It increases the resistance of the skin to bacterial infections that will cause acne.
It is also important to note that topical antibiotics should not be used on their own, due to the risk of developing bacterial resistance. Instead, they work better when combined with benzoyl peroxide to reduce this risk and to improve results as they tackle different bacteria on the skin.
In an article published in the Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology, an experiment was conducted on 60 patients with acne and the results of the study suggested that 5-percent tea-tree oil may help treat mild to moderate acne.
Polyphenols from tea including green tea, is beneficial in reducing sebum manufactured by the body and treating acne. Tea also help open up pore spaces in the skin, which is a means of preventing acne.
Steroid injections is where to go for isolated, single large acne lesions such as cysts, which may occur on the skin.
A small steroid is injected directly into the isolated spot, as they reduce swelling and dry out inflammatory acnes on the skin.
It usually flattens within 48 hours after injection but in some cases, an indentation is leaf behind on the skin where the cyst once was and may cause skin thinning and also pigmentation change.
Moisturizers are used by people using acne treatment such as isotretinoin to soothe the skin.
It can also be used with aloe Vera for its soothing and possibly anti-inflammatory effect on the skin.
Spironolactone is an oral medication initially made for blood pressure and heart failure but also seems to be effective against acne in female adult by acting on hormones in the skin.
When used with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (it has anti-androgen), Spironolactone lessens acne significantly by reducing the effects to block male hormone testosterone and excessive production of oil.
It is a female-only oral medication that should be taken alongside contraceptive pill as it can disrupt your menstrual cycle.
Over-The-Counter (OTC) medications.
Over-The-Counter (OTC) medications, such as gels, lotions, soaps, pads, as well as creams can be used for treating mild acne.
Alcohol-based gels tend to dry the skin and are better for individuals with oily skin.
OTC acne remedies may contain the following active ingredients; Resorcinol (used for breaking down blackheads and whiteheads), Benzoyl peroxide (used for killing bacteria in the skin, slows the production of sebum, and accelerates the replacement of skin), Salicylic acid (assists the breakdown of blackheads and whiteheads and helps reduce inflammation and swelling), Retinol-A(helps unblock pores through cell turnover), Azelaic acid (strengthens cells that line the follicles, stops sebum eruptions, and reduces bacterial growth) and Sulphur.
RETINOl FOR ACNE TREATMENT.
When treating acne, you can do no wrong with Retinol.
The group of medicines that the drug belongs to is known as retinoids.
Retino-A is the most generally used Tretinoin cream in India, usually prescribed for acne scar management, acne vulgaris and skin damaged by the sun.
Tretinoin is however available as Retin-A and Retisol-A in other countries.
Tretinoin is an acid form of Vitamin A that is known to work effectively against acne.
Retinol is prescribed mainly for acne treatment.
A tiny amount of Retinol-A on the spot suppresses a cyst, minimizing chances of scarring from a popped pimple.
It is approved in India, United States, UK and Japan.
It can be used by both women and men Retinol is available in concentrations – 0.025% up to 1%. You can go higher but I would not advise this.
The drug is very effectively at treating acne and reducing the amount of pimples that tend to develop while it is healing the pimples that have already developed on the skin.
Retino-A works by binding to alpha, beta, and gamma retinoic acid receptors (RARs) thus activating them.
If your dermatologist has prescribed you Retinol-A, this post will help you use it while keeping side-effects and skin-irritation to the minimum.
WHEN IS RETINOL PRESCRIBED.
Retinol is commonly used to treat and prevent pimples on the skin.
It also reduces the occurrence of new pimple breakout and promotes the healing of the skin.
Wrinkled and rough/mottled skin.
Retinol is also used for management of wrinkles, rough patches, and patchy skin color associated with excess UV/sunlight exposure.
It is mostly used in combination with other medicines to treat wrinked and rough skin .
SIDE EFFECT OF USING RETINOL-A.
- It causes tingling or burning sensation of skin
- It can cause skin irritation during usage
- Red spots can sometimes be noticeable on the skin
- In rare cases blistering and peeling of skin is reported
- It gives the skin a patchy appearance
- In some cases it is said to increase the sensitivity of some people to light. This is in rare cases
In severe cases some of the following side effect are seen;
- Unusual bleeding or bruising
- Dry mucous membrane
- Coffee colored vomit severe
- Blood cell disorder
- Difficulty in breathing
- Hearing loss
DIRECTION ON HOW TO USE RETINOL.
|The first step is to wash face with a gentle cleanser to remove dirt that may react with the product. Cetaphil Cleansing Lotion is a good cleanser to consider.
Wait for 15 to 20 minutes after washing face in other to reduce the burning sensation that may occur.
Use half a pea-sized of RetinoL-A and form a very thin layer over your whole face.
Avoid applying Retinol on any open cuts or wounds.
Also avoid applying Retinol-A around the eyes or on eyelids. A mild eye cream will make a good alternative.
For beginners, it is better to start with application once every 3 nights. Then slowly increase to using it every night as burning sensation reduces. It is okay to skip a couple nights in between.
For dry skin, gentle moisturizer could be used on top after application.
During the day it is important to use a high-protection sunscreen.
Note- When starting out, Retinol-A causes a burning sensation that reduces over time as application is done.
PRECAUTIONS TO CONSIDER WHEN USING RETINOL-A
It is preferable to use Retinol-A at night.
Any exfoliating toners, cleansers, moisturizers, should not be used with Retinol-A, as it makes skin extremely sensitive to everything.
Always use sunscreen during the day even if you use Retinol-A at night.
Be cautious of signs of hypo pigmentation the skin that is lighter coloured skin patches. Stop the use of retina until hypo pigmentation stops.
Gentle moisturizer should be used to hide and heal the flaking as Retinol-A is known to cause excessive peeling on the skin.
Increase the usage of Retinol gradually, do not switch to a higher percentage before your skin can comfortably tolerate its strength.
It is preferable to use makeup that does not have any in-built acne treatments so as not to react with Retino during application. Gentle makeup remover should also be used to remove makeup.t
If some swelling is noticed on the skin, it is advisable to stop the use of retinol until the swelling stops. The swelling is a sign of excessive use of Retinol-A.
WARNINGS FOR THE RETINOL USAGE.
This medicine is not suggested for use if you have a known past of allergy to tretinoin/isotretinoin/retinoids or any other constituent present in the dosage form.
Usage of this medicine by pregnant women is not advised. Use appropriate contraception and avoid getting pregnant while using this medicine.
This medicine is not recommended for use by women who are breastfeeding. It can be used if the likely benefits outweigh the risks involved with use. You should not breastfeed while the topical form of this medicine is functional.
Appropriate means of birth control should be adopted while using this medicine. It can cause oral/hormonal contraception failure and hence use of multiple contraception is advised.
The oral form of this medicine should be used under clinical supervision only. Appropriate diagnostic tests should be done to ensure safe and effective use of this medicine.
Exposure to sun
Use of this medicine can cause adverse reactions of the skin on sun exposure. You should either avoid stepping out at hours of daylight or take appropriate cautionary measures.
Other skin creams
This medicine may interact with other skin care or medicinal products. Consult your doctor before starting the use of other products along with this medicine.